Sunday, January 31, 2016

Electric cars

Electric cars more and develop more, but the handicap suffered by is that the autonomy they have developed so far is very poor. The majority of companies in the world are working to fix this and that people choose is this type of vehicles that do not pollute. One of the companies that is submerged in this development is S'Albufera Energy Storage, a Spanish company that provides for manufacture in series in Spain batteries with 1,000 km of autonomy for electric vehicles by 2020.

Don't miss: the technology that will revolutionize the car batteries
The director general of the company, Joaquín Chacón, who said that his company is willing to make batteries with 1,000 km of autonomy for electric vehicles, the characteristics of a Renault Zoe has advanced this information.
Electric cars
According to Chacon, batteries with 1,000 km of autonomy that will be manufactured in Spain, will use aluminio-aire technology. The place where it is manufactured is still to be decided, although there are 4 possibilities: autonomous community of Madrid, Andalusia, Extremadura and Castile the Macha, are those offering more chances of receiving aid from European funds.

In principle, they estimate to produce some 3,300 units per year, enabling them to charge between 10 and 12 million euros, according to said Joaquín Chacón after the 3rd Congress European vehicle electric organized by the Aedive.

The Spanish factory, which will be of small size, will begin to make prototypes in 2017, and although it depends on how it evolves the demand and the electric vehicle market, the template that will perform this type of batteries with 1,000 km of autonomy will be 20 operators direct and 10 indirect.

The Albufera Energy Storage Company expected to manufacture in series in Spain batteries with 1,000 km of autonomy, and will use aluminum-lithium technology, known as Alion, declares that this type of technology is much better than the lithium-ion, but its main problem, today, is that it does not allow the reload.
The satellite, which will be launched into space from French Guiana on Wednesday (December 2), shall be equipped with a powerful technology 'made in Spain' that has been manufactured and designed in eight companies, universities and research centres in Spain. LISA Pathfinder's mission is to test technologies of precision that will be needed to detect gravitational waves in space, waves to the German physicist Albert Einstein predicted a hundred years ago and whose existence has not yet been tested.

These waves, modulations in the fabric of space and time, could tell a lot about the formation of phenomena such as black holes, compact stars and other types of objects, including the Big Bang, which was the origin of the universe.And although the satellite will not measure the waves themselves, serve to test and test small-scale technology of eLISA, the Observatory of gravitational waves that will be devoted to detect these waves from the year 2034. For now, scientists only have managed to obtain indirect evidence of the existence of these waves, so that any progress in this field would contribute to the ratification of the theory of General Spanish relativity Einstein.Y in this important mission, technology, and the research will have much to say.

The construction of the space shuttle and the satellite attended by EADS CASA Espacio, Alter Technology, Rymsa and EADS Astrium Crisa, while in the technologies necessary for the scientific mission GMV, have been involved the Institute of space sciences (CSIC-IIEC), the University of Barcelona and NTE-SENER. The Spanish aeronautical engineers collaborate actively, both direct and indirect, led by the aeronautical engineer Cesar Garcia, of the Association of aeronautical engineers of Spain (COIAE), who, among other responsibilities, will have to lead the segment and flight operations, the interface with the launcher and launch campaign." LISA Pathfinder have a main instrument, on which are articulated all the objectives which has been developed by a European consortium of institutes and companies in seven countries (Germany, Spain, France, Italy, Netherlands, UK, Switzerland), so it is impossible to quantify the scientific contribution of each", explains Garcia in statements to EFE. The Institute of space sciences of the CSIC in Barcelona, has contributed to "a basic part" scientific instrument: "a package of diagnostics allowing to discriminate the effects thermal, magnetic or cosmic radiation, the purely gravitational".

 This same Institute, in collaboration with the company NTE-SENER, has also developed the scientific instruments and software, computer "two essential components to develop the mission". In terms of the spaceship - designed entirely under the direction of ESA - Spanish manufacturing equipment and systems are around 8% of the total, "a percentage which is comparable to the contribution to the Agency's scientific program", explains. Specifically, are Spanish wiring (EADS CASA space); the unit of conditioning and distribution of electric power, as well as elements of the computer of the ship (both by Airbus DS - CRISA); average and low gain antennas (which are all the ship, by RYMSA antennas); and management of centralized purchasing of electronic components (Alter Technology)." And this is not all. Science operations are conducted from the Centre of ESA in Villanueva de la Cañada, Madrid. There a team of engineers and scientists of operations prepared and validated the experiments that will be carried out by LISA Pathfinder", emphasizes the engineer. In this, as in all ESA scientific missions, "the Spanish contribution is very important and valued." LISA Pathfinder will be launched from Kourou (French Guiana) on Board of a space rocket, Vega, and when you reach your destination, at 1.5 million kilometers from Earth, will develop its mission between February and September 2016. EFE

Saturday, January 30, 2016


We began to hear first of storms and anticyclones when television was in black and white. For 30 years the face of "What's the weather be like tomorrow?" Was that of José Antonio Maldonado. With him also we familiarize ourselves with images of the Meteosat, which today is still news.

The first geostationary satellites Meteosat weather observation was put into orbit by the ESA in 1977. The last of the first generation satellite, Meteosat 7 was launched in 1997 and today, July 15, 2015, is expected to launch the fourth and last of the second generation: the MSG-4. An Ariane 5 ECA will do the honors this morning, between 23:42 and 00:19 hours, from French Guiana. You can follow the launch date as desired from the website of the ESA. This satellite, like its predecessors, and the third generation is already being designed, has an important participation of Spanish engineering.

There are seven domestic companies collaborating in this project, providing systems and equipment to all MSG satellites, with a total stake of 7%, and 12% in total MGS program. Airbus DS, Alter Technology Tuv Nord, Crisa, GMV, Indra, Thales Alenia Space SENER and Spain have developed key to substantially improve the collection and analysis of meteorological data systems.

Spanish role in second-generation satellites MSG
Airbus Defence and Space has been commissioned to work on the thermal protection of the satellite, creating systems of active and passive electronic thermal control units and instrument. It has also created the wiring SEVIRI instrument (Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager, or sensor Swivel visible and infrared imagery), capable of capturing up to 12 spectral environments instead of 3.

Alter Technology TÜV Nord has worked on the selection of components, engineering, testing and procurement of electronic components of the satellite.

Crisa (Airbus DS) has worked on Functional Control Unit (FCU) of the main SEVIRI instrument.

GMV has provided services to the AEMET for the generation and maintenance of a software package for data processing of the MSG program, and is responsible for the engineering and system integration, as well as maintenance and support to end users (Satellite Nowcasting Application Facility). It also deals with ongoing with the Meteorological Institute of Portugal for the SAF (Satellite Application Facility) LAND; the Flight Dynamics support the LEOP of MSG from the ESOC control center .; independent verification and validation of Data Handling Software .; and it contributes to the development of the subsystem MPEF (Meteorological Products Extraction Facility) in EUMETSAT
Sat 24
Indra provides supply station BRGS (Backup and Ranging Ground Station) control for satellite fleet and second generation of EUMETSAT owned by INTA. The station is located in Maspalomas, providing services accessible remotely from EUMETSAT headquarters in Darmstadt, Germany. The station performs various services, among which monitoring satellites, and controls sending commands to, and performing the location and precise satellite positioning.

SENER has been responsible for the design, manufacture, verification, testing and delivery of the following equipment of the camera (radiometer) SEVIRI: The calibration unit infrared channels .; the ejection cover cooling system, consisting of a reinforced panel, to prevent ingress of contamination, and mechanisms that serve as anchors launch and in orbit the ejected by pyrotechnic means; the optical screen of the visual field, which protects the field of view SEVIRI any residual beam light that can degrade the quality of the recorded image; and finally the ejection cover said optical screen, also consisting of a reinforced panel which emerges by pyrotechnic means once in orbit. It has also dealt with the design, analysis, verification and testing (with staff integrated into the Alcatel team) of the linear actuator or Drive Unit (DU), whose function is to position the optical guiding the visual field of the SEVIRI radiometer.

Spain Thales Alenia Space has been commissioned to manufacture raw data Modulator RDM, data modulator for transmitting images. And the Image SCOE, a bank simulation image string instrument and real-time monitoring of data transmission.

The MSG-4 is the latest second-generation satellites developed by ESA and EUMETSAT (European Organisation for Meteorological Satellites), and its fundamental mission is to provide meteorological and environmental monitoring around the

Thursday, January 28, 2016

Turbo LAG and Oil

The oil is running out. Renewable energies do not cover our needs, as much as wind turbines to help us conquer the rooftops. It is the purpose of the production of materials on a large scale and stones, adobe and wood to keep our homes. Means of transport, paralyzed, prevent agricultural products to reach the cities, so the facades of the buildings have been forced to convert to gardens and orchards.

This is the 2100 has embodied the Illustrator Andrés Avaray constant recycling, one of the three winning entries from the first edition of 'Il·lustraFuturs' and 'A world of low-energy'. This initiative has brought together more than 100 works of illustrators from around the world, more than half as Spanish, have portrayed the future based on current trends, a field that the prospective deals, the discipline that studies the future.

"We wanted to talk about a future closer, because if not we would be closer to science fiction than science", explains Raúl Toran, Vice President of the Associació Catalana de Comunicació scientific (ACCC), organizer of this event along with the Obra Social La Caixa.

Avaray is based on the theories of degrowth, claiming a society that produce less and consume less, for his 'illustration of advance'. This creator has not portrayed spaceships, soaring skyscrapers or cutting-edge technology, but it raises a few cities reused in his work, utopian and dystopian at the time. "That society will have to cannibalize or take advantage of what left the previous one, is as a fungus growing on the top of a tree that is already dead".

'Barcelona 2100, digital solitude i augmented reality', Cristina Curto Teixidó
Cristina Curto also believes that in 2100 we go make clean slate. "There are many people that, if you think of the city of the future, seems you have to tear down everything you need done and start another city, but in reality..." Yet we retain the Cathedral of Barcelona", says this Illustrator.

In his work, 'Barcelona 2100, digital solitude i augmented reality', the spectator travels to a city in which everything is labeled, to the quality of the air. The reality is filtered through our devices and drones have conquered the airspace. "Maybe we're more technical, but ultimately it will be the same. Or not? ", asks Curto."
These two illustrations may be seen, along with other thirteen selected, Spanish and foreign, as part of the exhibition ' experiment by 2100. What awaits us in the land of the future?', which opens to the public this Friday at CosmoCaixa Barcelona.

'Cyber-City', José Carlos Nevarez Soto
"It is a joy that the Museum has opted for something different. Here is one of the first times that makes something", says Miquel Baidal, Coordinator of 'Il·lustraFuturs'. "What interested us was to raise the debate: now take those references and to check in 50 years what has happened, what proposals have been met", continues. Will we see some of the predictions of these illustrators? Is the future better or worse than the present?

The organizers tell us that these artists are mainly two types of visions: an eco-city in which renewable energy have gained ground and green also form part of the urban landscape, and another city more futuristic and dark, 'Blade Runner'-style, with neon lights as protagonists.

Conquering urban sky, Alejandro Olmedo Nieto

This darker aesthetic is what raises Alejandro Olmedo in 'Conquering the urban sky', a work inspired by science fiction cinema. In his work, as in the short, are drones and not spaceships that dominate the air space, flying between the high skyscrapers of the superciudades.

"There are cities like Singapore, Dubai or Shanghai that look like cities of the future, so I have no doubt that in 100 years they will have an aspect similar to the of my illustration", tells us about this artist, who believes that the buildings will continue laying siege to the firmament.

'Flat urban Barcelona 2100' of Mikel Acilu, another of the three works winners
Other creators have also reflected on the growth of the population and cities, although they have different solutions. Mikel Acilu, other winners of this award, did not resolve the issue by drawing a landscape, but that he drew a map of a future Barcelona in which the city has more green spaces and skyscrapers solve space problems.